A Car Rental Company Why Rent From Them

A car rental company is a company that specializes in renting cars to interested car rental customers. For many people, renting a car is a practical and sensible practice. Many people can drive a vehicle but cannot afford one of their own. The main reason is that automobiles are a costly investment. Although many new and previous vehicle models are available in discounted prices or as second hand vehicles, many people still cannot afford to buy a car.


 Aside from vehicle cost, maintaining a personal car can also be difficult. Regular maintenance checks, spare parts and maintaining the car in good condition can also take a lot of time and money from a prospective car owner. Car rental companies provide temporary cars or other types of vehicles for people who cannot afford or maintain automobiles. Going to a car rental company and renting a car is also an option for car owners who do not wish to take their own vehicles for a trip or to a place. There are many reasons for this, the vehicle might not be suitable to the terrain of the site or the distance might be too long.



 Furthermore, the trip itself or the terrain of the place may cause added wear and tear to the car. Wear and tear can contribute to the car’s depreciation and damage. A rental car can take all the abuse and still provide transportation for the car rental customer.


 Many travelers also are choosing to rent a car because it offers more vehicle options. A car rental company can provide different models and different brands of automobiles. Car renters can pick and use their dream car, even for a short time.


 Car rental companies are also easy to find and accessible in many locations. Since many locations and countries have car rentals, a practice among foreigners in another country is to rent a vehicle for the duration of their stay. Compared to purchasing or transporting a car, this is a more practical method for a short stay.


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 Another worthy note is that many car rental companies offer discounts and promos for temporary use. Some rental cars are part of a package or a tie-in for people who travel for business or leisure. This practice enables smooth transition and movement from one place to another.


 Car rental company also offer membership status for frequent car rental customers. A car member can avail numerous rewards and perks in exchange for patronage and loyalty to a certain car rental company.


 For added information on car rental company and other issues relating to hiring cars go to hiring a car website.



Medical Response Dogs

The term “medical response dog” refers to a dog that is trained to alert its owner before the owner’s medical condition becomes active. Sometimes they are called service dogs, but this general description does not really refer to medical response dogs, which are a specific type of service dog. Such a dog is more than a pet, and some handlers are clear that a medical response dog is not a pet at all. Rather, a medical response dog is not unlike a professional worker.

A medical response dog has had its amazing instincts harnessed and honed through training. Dogs – some more than others – have an incredible ability to sense when a medical crisis or episode is about to occur. Through training, these dogs are able to anticipate an “attack” or episode and warn their owners, which gives the owner (or handler) the time to seek proper help.

What Breed Are Medical Response Dogs?

Interestingly, the breed of dog does not necessarily determine whether or not the dog can be trained to be a medical response dog. There are facilities that breed and train medical response dogs from puppyhood, but other times, medical response dogs are chosen not for their breed but for their temperament (and some breeds have a temperament more conducive to medical response training, but again, not necessarily). Characteristics that indicate a good medical response dog are:

* Stamina and endurance

* Even temper

* Trainability

* Good health

What Kind of Medical Conditions Can Dogs Respond To?

Medical conditions “covered” by medical response dogs are actually rather broad. Here are some of the more common medical conditions that medical response dogs can sense.

* Diabetes – A medical response dog can sense when blood sugar is getting a bit too high or too low, giving the diabetic time to take proper measures such as ingesting sugar or taking insulin.

* Epilepsy – Sometimes, medical response dogs are called “seizure dogs.” This is because seizure disorders are one of the most common conditions wherein medical response dogs are employed. The dog is trained to sense when a seizure is about to happen, whether it’s due to epilepsy or another disorder. Then the epileptic can alert medical professionals or take other measures to handle the pending seizure.

* Syncope – This refers to fainting, and for individuals who have “fainting spells” the results could be disastrous or even deadly (such as when driving). A medical response dog “knows” when syncope is going to occur before the patient does, preventing a potential hazard.

More Help

Medical response dogs also can help their handlers deal with the pending crisis in direct ways that go beyond an alert. They can bring their handler a telephone, or be trained to fetch medication and bring it to the patient.

Rescue Dogs

In medieval times, the famed St. Bernard was bred and trained by monks in the Alps to rescue avalanche victims and others trapped in the often treacherous snow. Sadly, the avalanche itself took the lives of many of the breeding stock, so other “blood” from other breeds had to be introduced to keep this famous rescue dog going. We may never know what these original St. Bernards were like, but when most of us think of rescue dogs, the St. Bernard with the barrel around his neck is what we think of first.

Rescue dogs go far beyond that these days. They are often called “Search and Rescue Dogs” to distinguish them from dogs that were rescued from bad conditions or from euthanasia. Labs, German Shepherds, Border Collies, mixed breeds, and others have all been trained as rescue dogs.

What Do They Do?

Rescue dogs do still work to detect and dig people out of avalanches and snow drifts. They can smell a person under many feet of snow, even if that person cannot be seen or heard.

In addition, search and rescue dogs can detect people buried under rubble after an earthquake or bombing. Rescue dogs were used in the 9/11 tragedy in 2001. These amazing canines are used to find missing persons, with some sniffing out trails and others “air scenting,” or discerning the human scent from the air.

Rescue dogs are trained to lead their handlers to the place where they have detected the scent of the human they are searching for.


Humans, despite all their advanced tracking equipment, are still limited when it comes to detecting hidden human beings. Dogs are fast, accurate, and small enough to get into small spaces. Dogs can cover a lot of ground quickly, detecting details that would be impossible to discern from the air, for example.


German Shepherds and Belgian Shepherds are the typical “police dog” breed used in search and rescue, but not always. Remember the St. Bernard? These large animals are still used for search and rescue in the Alps, and Labradors have been used successfully as well. The Bloodhound has one of the keenest noses of all canines, and it has a place among the top sniffers among search and rescue dogs. (The name Bloodhound is a reference to the dog’s amazing ability to smell blood in microscopic amounts).


Rescue dogs are trained by handlers who are themselves well trained. Handlers know how to connect with a dog and tap into its instincts. Once basic obedience training is mastered, young dogs are taken out “in the field” for simulated rescue attempts. Handlers set up scenarios where they simulate being buried, lost in the woods, drowning, and so forth. The dogs are taught how to handle these situations and are rewarded when they master their tasks.

Police Dogs

The human-dog relationship has come a long way from the early days of cave dwellers, which is likely when the first dogs were domesticated. Now, dogs perform all sorts of functions, from lap companions to law enforcement officers. And police dogs are considered just that: officers. In fact, in some areas of the world, killing a canine officer is a felony.

What Do Police Dogs Do?

You may wonder why police departments even have canine (or “K-9”) officers. What can they do that people can’t do? Plenty!

First, there’s smell. Dogs have millions more smell receptors in their brains than humans, making their sense of smell about fifty times keener than humans’. And it’s not just sensitive; dogs – especially certain breeds like Bloodhounds and Beagles – can discern a specific scent far more readily than a human. Its sense of smell is not easily “distracted” by other smells that are present.

And then there’s the fear factor – a growling dog is just plain scary, and can intimidate a criminal suspect like nothing else. The suspect knows he or she can’t trick the dog or talk his or her way out of the situation; the suspect may be more likely to surrender in the presence of a police dog. Criminals know they can’t intimidate a trained police dog.

Dogs’ size and build allow them to get into areas that are inaccessible to humans, especially humans wearing police gear around their waists. And they can get there fast. A dog can leap a fence and bring down a suspect quickly and efficiently, making it a lot harder for a criminal to get away.


Police dogs may have begun in Europe, when 18th-century police forces used Bloodhounds to track down suspects. During World War II, Germany and some other European companies began training dogs formally for police-type tasks. It took a while for the concept of police dogs to gain favor in the US – it wasn’t until the 1970s that police dogs really became established.


Most people think of German Shepherd when they think of police dogs, and some people will even use the phrase “police dog” to describe all German Shepherds. While it’s true that this noble breed is probably the most common police dog, other breeds are used, too.

Temperament is key, and German Shepherds generally exhibit the courage, stamina, intelligence, keen sense of smell, aggression, and loyalty that are necessary to make a good police dog. But other breeds may exhibit these characteristics, too, such as Rottweilers, Doberman Pinschers, Labrador retrievers (although Labs usually are deficient in the aggression department). Some police departments have been known to use mutts, or mixed-breed dogs as K-9 officers.

Hunting Dogs

For certain types of hunting, a well-trained dog is considered indispensable. For centuries, dogs have hunted alongside humans, often helping humans survive. While hunting with dogs is often just for sport, many hunters provide for their families through their hunting, making the dog an important companion in the field.

There are several types of hunting that involve dogs.

* Stalking is done when the prey is out of shooting range, and the hunter sneaks up into range while remaining undetected. Dogs can help catch the scent of prey that is out of sight or range.

* Driving means the prey is driven out of hiding and into shooting range.

There is an extensive number of hunting breeds, all fine-tuned to meet specific hunting needs. Here are a few of the more common hunting breeds, and what they are used for.


Golden, Labrador, Chesapeake Bay, and Flat-Coated are the main retrievers used in hunting. Like a lot of hunting dogs, retrievers do well as family pets, too. Retrievers are bred for work in the water, and have webbing between their toes to help them swim. They tend to have good personalities and are quite trainable, and tend to stick with a task. Retrievers retrieve fallen game like waterfowl, carrying it back to the hunter without damaging it.


Cocker, Irish Water, and English Springer spaniels are some of the spaniels used in hunting. Their role is to flush out game like birds and rabbits, and thanks to their thick coats, they can get into the underbrush to do so. They do not kill game; their job is to get the prey out of hiding so the hunter can shoot it. They also have a “soft mouth,” meaning they can carry fallen game without doing damage. Spaniels make good family pets, too.


The dedicated pointer identifies prey for the hunter, seeking out prey and freezing into the pointing position that earned them their name. They track down prey efficiently, and are a very intelligent breed. They are an enthusiastic and dedicated type of dog, and can track and identify a variety of game. Pointing breeds include the American Brittany, Weimaraners, Griffons, and the German Shorthair.


This group of breeds combines the best of the spaniel and the pointer, and they have been around since the 14th century. They flush out game such as quail, and they “set” or crouch down when they find prey, freezing into position. Setter breeds include the English, Irish, and Gordon Setter.

Sled Dogs

The wolf-like dogs of the North are what we usually think of when we think of sled dogs. And Huskies and Malamutes are common sled dog breeds. But what most of us don’t know is that a great deal of know-how and expertise go into putting a sled dog team together.

Dogs have been pulling weight for humans for centuries. In harsh, northern climates, beasts of burden like horses and donkeys can’t survive the way dogs can, braving the cold and gaining traction on snow and ice with their paws.

Characteristics of Sled Dogs

Regardless of the breed, sled dogs need to exhibit certain characteristics to be used in a team. One of the most important ones is endurance. A sled dog can be expected to pull a sled anywhere from 5 to 75 miles in a day’s work, and they need to do so efficiently and in good time. That brings us to the next important characteristic of sled dogs: speed. Sled dogs average about 20mph when they are racing in good conditions; poor weather and trial conditions can reduce that speed to 7 to 10mph.

The ability to pull is also important. A good sled dog keeps proper tension on the tug line that pulls the sled, and does not hesitate to give maximum effort. And finally, a good, determined attitude makes the difference between an okay sled dog and a great one.


As noted above, most of us think of wolfish dogs pulling dog sleds. The most common breeds are Alaskan Malamutes and Siberian Huskies, but mixed breeds have been used, too. During the Yukon gold rush, mixed breeds were a common sight. Today, pure-bred teams usually consist of these breeds (even standard Poodles have been known to be used as sled dogs!):

* Samoyed

* Siberian Husky

* Alaskan Malamute

* Chinook

* Alaskan Husky

* Greenland Husky

* Various hybrids between Pointers, Shepherds, Huskies, and even wolves

The Team

Sled dog teams are made up of several sections, divided according to their jobs. The highly-valued lead dog sets the team’s pace, and is often taken into the owner’s home as part of the household. Swing dogs come next. Their job is to help turn the sled in the proper direction and keep it from tipping or going off-course. Wheel dogs are useful in helping pull the sled out of holes and ditches. The rest of the dogs are called simply “team dogs.”

To get together a good team, a sled driver must know which dog possesses what traits. For the team to function well, each dog needs to be in his or her proper place doing the job he or she is best at doing.

Guard Dogs

The guard dog or watch dog has one of the most ancient types of canine relationships with humans. It’s been conjectured that guard duty was the dog’s first job with humans – it may be that the dog was originally domesticated because humans needed an animal to keep away other predators. Perhaps they noticed that many wild creatures feared the wolf, so they domesticated wolves in order to use this to their advantage.

Nowadays, guard dogs are actually put up for hire in some areas of the world. You can hire a guard dog to protect your business or home overnight, and then the company picks up the dog in the morning right before your business opens.

Guard Dog versus Watch Dog

There is a difference between the two job descriptions, so to speak. The watch dog’s job is to alert its owner by barking. The barking might scare away the intruder as well. Watch dogs do not have to be large or aggressive. The guard dog, on the other hand, takes the watch dog’s duty’s another step. Guard dogs will attack the intruder or restrain him or her. The intruder does not have to be human; guard dogs that guard sheep and other livestock will attack animal predators such as wildcats, bears and wolves.


Farmers and herdsmen through the centuries have valued dogs’ guarding abilities to keep their flocks safe. This is why many of today’s guard breeds have their roots in herding and livestock guarding. Here are some breeds of dogs commonly used as guard dogs:

* German Shepherds – The name denotes the origins of this noble breed. With wolf-like characteristics, the German Shepherd worked (and still does work) as a shepherd for livestock. It is not only good at herding; German Shepherds make excellent guard dogs that will fearlessly defend their owner’s property.

* Rottweilers – This German breed was once a farm and herding dog, and you can still see them in that capacity. They are usually associated with guard duty nowadays, however, and they do have a significant intimidation factor. They also tend to make good family pets if they are raised in a loving environment.

* Weimaraner – Popular in photos, the Weimaraner started out as a hunting breed. They were found to have a territorial instinct, though, which, combined with their large size, means they also make good guard dogs.

* Doberman Pinschers – Unlike the breeds above, Dobermans were specifically bred to be guard dogs. They are born for guard duty and are staunch protectors and defenders of their families and property.